South Australia: An Agricultural and Pastoral State in the Making 1836-46


Cat No.:   AU5022:

- A. Perkins


A comprehensive and valuable record of the first ten years of land survey, settlement and development in South Australia. A rare book, that seems little known. Especially valuable for its accounts of the special surveys which figured prominently in early South Australia, and the activities and character of many of the early pioneers.


A revised reprint of Articles on Progressive Centennial Development of the Pastoral and Agricultural Industries of South Australia, 1836-1936, which appeared in the Journal of the Department of Agriculture of South Australia


Abbreviated outline of contents to contents.


CHAPTER I - Departure of the Emigrant Fleet—Wakefield Principles of Colonization—First South Australian Act—Proclamation of Colony—Selection of Site of Adelaide.

CHAPTER II - Sale of Town Acres—Delayed Country Surveys—Farming handicaps of Pioneer Emigrants—Victims of delayed country surveys

CHAPTER III - Sealer and whaler settlers of Kangaroo Island—Sturt's condemnation of Adelaide Plains—The vine and the olive; the fig and the almond, etc.

CHAPTER IV - The Squatters—Regulations concerning Pastoral settlement ignored for six years—Hawdon's pioneer overland journey to SA with a herd of cattle.

CHAPTER V - Recall of Governor Hindmarsh—Instructions from Colonisation Commissioners for a Running Survey—Return of Kingston from England—Light declines to accept further employment under the insulting conditions— Kingston instructed to proceed with Running Survey—Resignation of the staff

CHAPTER VI - Public meeting to consider support of Police Force—Arrival of Eyre with cattle by overland route from NSW—Arrival of Sturt with overland herd of cattle from NSW—Public dinner to Sturt—Kingston's four months' work with the Survey

CHAPTER VII - Gawler combines Resident Commissionership with Governorship—Biographical Notes concerning Governor Gawler—Character Sketch of Gawler—Rehabilitation and Progress of Surveys—Change in Colonization Commissioners' Survey policy—Questionable conduct of Colonel Torrens.

CHAPTER VIII - Land Settlement Policy of Colonization Commissioners— Special Surveys—Their importance to the SA Company—First Selection of Preliminary Landholders—Criteria adopted in choice of sites for Special Surveys—Reservation of land by Fisher for Secondary Towns—How Port Adelaide became the property of the SA Company

CHAPTER IX - Mount Barker Special Survey—Early Reputation of the Land—Opinions of Hawdon and Sturt—Dutton settles Contingent of German Refugees at Mount Barker—McLaren takes up Special Survey at Lyndoch Valley for SA Company—Lyndoch Valley Special Survey—Sources of the Angas Special Survey—The Three Brothers' Special Survey—Matthew Smillie's Special Survey—Meadows Special Survey—Para Rivers Special Survey—Milner Estate Special Survey—Libel Action Against Publisher of the Southern Australian

CHAPTER X - Tenth and eleventh Special Surveys—McLaren's expedition to Port Lincoln—Difficulties of G. F. Angas who had sold to English buyers the greater portion of his share in the Port Lincoln Survey—Running notes on the early days of the development of Port Lincoln and its neighbourhood.

CHAPTER XI - The Flaxman Surveys—Their location and description—How Flaxman forestalled John Morphett in their acquisition—Angas rebukes Flaxman for his Land Speculations—Flaxman returns to England—Refusal of SA Company to accept Flaxman's Surveys from Angas—Arrival of Flaxman in London—Protracted negotiations with Angas over the seven Special Surveys—Controversies resumed with Anthony Forster

CHAPTER XII - Fourteenth Special Survey—Sixteenth Special Survey—Report on Port Victoria and Port Vincent Special Surveys—Murray River and Lake Alexandrina Special Surveys — Seventeenth Special Survey—Twentyfourth, or Governor Gawler's Special Survey—Twentysixth Special Survey: David McLaren refuses for the SA Company a share in the latter—Thirtieth Special Survey—Thirtyfirst Special Survey—Twentyfifth Special Survey—Twentyseventh Special Survey—Twentyeighth Special Survey—Twenty ninth Special Survey—Thirtysecond Special Survey—Thirtythird Special Survey—Thirtyfourth Special Survey—Thirtyfifth Special Survey—Thirtysixth and Thirtyninth Special Surveys—Thirtyseventh Special Survey—Thirtyeighth Special Survey.

CHAPTER XIII - General discussions on Special Surveys—The suggested 500-acre Survey—Opposition to the latter—William Leigh's Eight 500-acre Surveys—Special Surveys claimed but subsequently abandoned—Mineral Special Surveys—Influence of Special Surveys on development of South Australia—Condemnation of Special Surveys by Charles Mann and Captain Grey—Early statistical data of the Province.


A selection from the 22 useful appendices.


APPENDIX I - Sturt's Condemnation of the Adelaide Plains.

APPENDIX IV - Regulations for the Disposal of Land in the Colony.

APPENDIX V - Conditions of South Australia in 1838.

APPENDIX VI - Original Objectives of the SA Company.

APPENDIX VII - Sequence of events that led to the foundation of Port Adelaide at its present site.

APPENDIX VIII - Concerning German emigrants.

APPENDIX IX - Appreciation of Captain D.M. Hahn as master of the ship zebra.

APPENDIX X - Correspondence ... concerning a proposed special survey in the Mount Barker district.

APPENDIX XII - Summing up of judge Charles Cooper in the trial for perjury of G. M. Stephen.

APPENDIX XIV - Proposed names for some of the major divisions of the province.

APPENDIX XVI - Exploration around Port Lincoln by Robert Tod.

APPENDIX XVII - Circular Letter Concerning the Affairs of Flaxman & Rowlands.

APPENDIX XIX - Correspondence ... Special Survey on the River Murray to the SA Company.

APPENDIX XX - Allocation of Sections on Morphett's Southern Special Survey on the River Murray

APPENDIX XXII - Amended land Regulations

Also features


over 80 illustrations - mostly of pioneers

sketch of Port River, showing Old Port £10 Sections A to K from which the new port developed

map showing the first six divisions of Light's Surveys of South Australia, extending due south of Adelaide to Fleurieu Peninsula, and Special Surveys (1-33) subsequently granted.

map showing The 1839-1840 Special Surveys represented in their correct outline, together with the earliest districts surveyed by Colonel Light.

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No. of CDs is:  1 ;   Format is:  PDF ;   Searchable?:  YES;

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